Knee Replacement Surgery in Fargo, ND
Total Knee Replacement vs. Partial Knee Replacement
According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, about 600,000 people in the United States have knee replacement surgery each year.
Whether a patient needs a total knee replacement or partial knee replacement depends on the condition of the various parts of the knee. Here’s what you need to know about partial and total knee replacements to figure out which is best for you.
Total Knee Replacement
A total knee replacement is reserved for patients who have chronic knee pain and very little range of motion. In most cases, several areas of tissue in the knee have deteriorated and caused the bones in the knee to rub together. The procedure is performed in four steps:
- Remove Damaged Bone & Tissue: Small amounts of bone under the kneecap as well as damaged cartilage surfaces at the end of the thigh bone are removed.
- Metal Implants are Positioned: Small metal components are fitted to the areas of bone where cartilage has been removed.
- The Kneecap is Resurfaced: In some cases, a plastic button is placed underneath of the kneecap to help aid proper motion between the two metal components.
- A Spacer is Inserted: A spacer is a shaped piece of plastic that is inserted between the metal components to create a smooth, gliding surface.
While this procedure won’t imitate a completely normal and healthy knee, it will provide pain relief, improve mobility and provide a higher quality of life.
Why is a Total Knee Replacement Done?
There are a lot of reasons physicians might suggest a knee replacement, including:
- Patients that have severe destruction of the knee and persistent pain
- Patients with Osteoarthritis (Which is the most common reason for a total knee replacement
It’s important that patients are able to undergo personal therapy after surgery.
Partial Knee Replacement
Usually done as an alternative to a total knee replacement, a partial knee replacement is typically performed when one side or one part of the knee has been affected by arthritis or injury. With a partial knee replacement, only the damaged part of the knee cartilage is removed and replaced with artificial tissue.
Compared to a total knee replacement, the knee better preserves range of motion and function due to the healthy tissue being spared. Because of the less extensive nature to this procedure, the recovery time is often much faster.
Why is Partial Knee Replacement Usually Done?
Easing arthritis pain is the main reason partial knee replacements are done. A doctor might suggest the procedure if:
- Knee pain causes you to not sleep through the night
- Your knee pain prevents you from doing daily activities
- Your knee pain hasn’t gotten better with treatments
- You only have arthritis on one side of the knee
- You are older and thin
- The ligaments in your knee are stable
Osteotomy of the Knee
Over time, osteoarthritis can develop in a specific area of the knee if the bones do not line up properly. This can add stress to the inner or outer part of the knee. An osteotomy of the knee removes a piece of the bone in either the tibia or femur in order to reshape the knee in a way that relieves pressure. This procedure aims to:
- Relieve pressure on one area of the knee
- Correct improper knee alignment
- Prolong the life of healthy knee joints
Knee Replacement in Fargo, ND
If you’re suffering from knee pain and believe you might be a candidate for knee replacement, contact Dr. Todd Sekundiak at (701) 417-6000 in Fargo or schedule your appointment online. Our specialists will diagnose and treat your knee pain.